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Canadian Hog Processing Industry

The meat industry is Canada's third largest industry with recorded sales of Cdn $10.2 billion in 1996 (see Table 1) and 35,532 employees (see Table 2). The nation-wide industry has a major presence in all regions, but is more heavily concentrated near livestock production centres for hog processing (see Table 3) and near major population centres for pork processing.

Pork accounts for approximately 40% of total Canadian meat production

  CANADIAN PORK
PRODUCTION
('000 tonnes)
   
1987 1,122
1988 1,182
1989 1,177
1990 1,124
1991 1,096
1992 1,208
1993 1,194
1994 1,229
1995 1,276
1996 1,228
1997 1,257
1998 1,393
1999 1,564
2000 1,640
2001 1,731
2002 1,857
2003 1,881
2004 1,935
2005 1,918
2006 1,900
2007 1,907
2008 1,948
2009 1,943
2010 1,926

In recent years, the industry has restructured focusing on those facilities that have high speed kill and the latest technology, resulting in fewer, better focused, more modern cost effective plants.

The Canadian pork industry is competitive with state-of-the-art equipment and technology and has always been able to adapt to changing trade environments as proven by its long export tradition which goes back to the 19th Century.

Canada enjoys an excellent reputation for its pork products. It is based on its ability to provide pork which is lean, high yielding, wholesome and which meets buyers' exacting specifications. The Canadian pork industry is committed to be responsive to customers' needs and to build consumer satisfaction and enhanced loyalty.

Pork is one of the few meats that can be included in all meals of the day and over the years, the Canadian pork packers and processors have developed a very wide range of high quality pork products that can make of each meal a delightful experience.

  Table 1
STRUCTURE OF THE MEAT PROCESSING INDUSTRY IN CANADA
1988-1998
  # Enterprises Shipment value ($ million)
1988 536 8,744
1989 524  8,723
1990 523  8,962
1991 496  8,487
1992 473  8,521
1993 467  9,215
1994 454  9,530
1995 457  9,638
1996 480  10,200
1997 477  11,206
1998 n/a  11,274
(Source: Statistiques Canada Catalogue 32-250)

  Table 2
MEAT PROCESSING IN CANADA - 1996
  Nombre d'usines Total d'employés Expéditions ($ million)
Total 477 37,377 10,944.7
Source: Statistics Canada Catalogue 32-250. Manufacturing Industries of Canada: National and Provincial Areas - Food and Beverage Industries.

  Table 3
NUMBER OF HOGS SLAUGHTERED IN FEDERALLY
INSPECTED ESTABLISHMENTS
BY PROVINCE - 1991-2010
  British Columbia Alberta Sasketchewan Manitoba Ontario Québec Atlantic Provinces Canada-Total
1991 406,055 1,829,754 683,845 1,877,475 3,519,283 4,447,983 523,946 13,288,341
1992 466,449 2,105,162 892,393 1,996,791 3,665,975 4,649,790 518,519 14,285,079
1993 466,801 1,958,783 911,088 1,752,234 3,699,487 4,685,654 478,947 13,952,994
1994 504,761 1,946,910 953,742 1,911,098 3,638,206 4,795,246 448,226 14,198,189
1995 447,699 2,056,558 848,544 1,885,753 3,642,412 5,196,579 468,712 14,546,257
1996 326,094 1,997,809 866,647 1,823,757 3,006,597 5,562,562 464,126 14,047,592
1997  191,887 2,071,795 874,906 1,960,600 2,653,340 5,991,051 461,352 14,204,931
1998  197,897 1,414,342 1,014,176 2,692,474 2,710,233 7,064,171 478,743 15,572,036
1999  208,336 1,951,605 982,910 2,937,469 3,508,4522 7,453,702 515,724 17,558,198
2000  230,004 1,908,440 900,291 3,802,265 3,462,521 7,586,903 485,892 18,376,316
2001  327,962 2,042,739 1,007,541 4,025,769 3,674,880 7,822,485 513,647 19,415,023
2002  379,431 2,408,403 1,096,005 4,281,9630 4,008,722 8,105,451 522,950 20,802,925
2003  381,043 2,664,114 1,109,502 4,211,215 4,196,777 8,119,790 503,006 21,185,447
2004 380,907 2,884,897     4,182,608     21,744,323
2005 376,727 3,001,928     4,143,047     21,218,606
2006 376,438 3,121,164     4,056,424     20,699,786
2007 389,010 2,813,922     4,375,591     20,206,157
2008 429,634 2,594,011     4,712,562     20,678,450
2009 387,984   2,497,067     4,557,128     20,797,411
2010 367,543 2,560,487     4,058,381     20,292,305
Atlantic Provinces include New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland

(Source: Livestock Market Review, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)

  Table 4
AVERAGE WARM WEIGHTS OF INSPECTED SLAUGHTER
1990-2010
  (KG)
1990 79.3
1991 79.6
1992 81.2
1993 81.7
1994 82.6
1995 84.1
1996 84.1
1997 84.9
1998 85.5
1999 86.3
2000 87.0
2001 87.3
2002 87.5
2003 87.5
2004 88.5
2005 89.7
2006 90.9
2007 93.1
2008 93.2
2009 92.6
2010 94.0
(Source: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)
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